Jesus and the apostles brought us the ultimate revelation of God. In Genesis we see their Gospel in seed form, but as we progress through Scripture the revelation grows. What does Jesus and his apostles teach us about God’s tri-unity? What is the relationship between the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?
The Father is the Father because he is the eternal Father of the Son. He eternally begets (not creates) the Son by the Spirit. The Father gives himself, as well as all things, to the Son. The Father is eternal love because he eternally loves the Son. The Father is the origin of the Son’s life and perpetually sustains the Son. Moreover, he glorifies the Son and fully dwells in the apple of his eye (John 3:34-36, 5:18-30, etc.).
The Son is the fruit of the Father’s grace. He receives all things from the Father and lives completely dependent and surrendered to him (of his own volition). His dependence and surrender does not make him less than the Father, but instead gives him unique glory and distinct being. The Son is the exact image of the Father––to look at the Son is to see the Father. The Son knows the Father fully (Luke 10:22). The eternal Son lays down his life for the Father and lives to glorify him. His prayer on earth is the same as his eternal prayer in heaven: “Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you” (John 17:1). The Son forever praises the Father even as the Father forever praises his Son (Heb. 2:12, etc.). Creation is the Father’s gift to the Son and the Son is willing to become one with that gift and die for it. His death on the cross is ultimately a sacrifice to the Father done by the power of the Holy Spirit. The Son desires to redeem creation so that he can offer the Father’s gift of creation back to the Father. The Son is eternally thankfully to his Father and lives to praise him forever (John 6:11; Matt. 11:25, etc.).
Who is the Holy Spirit? The Holy Spirit is holy because he is the Spirit of love. He is the eternal love of the Father for the Son and the eternal love of the Son for the Father. The Holy Spirit is the river of love that flows from the Father to the Son and the Son to the Father. He is the fire of the Father-Son love relationship. He is the dove that communicates their love and binds the Father and Son in peace. He is the Spirit of unity, unifying the Father and Son and inspiring them to love one another. The Holy Spirit fully knows that Father and the Son, and reveals that knowledge to us (1 Cor. 2:10ff). The power of the Spirit is the power of the intimate and experiential knowledge of God.
Prayer: Praise God from whom all blessings flow. Praise him all creatures here below. Praise him all you heavenly hosts. Praise Father, Son and Holy Ghost!